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Pavadinimas: PRINCIPLES OF BIOMEDICAL ETHICS fifth edition
Metai: 2001
ISBN: 0195143329
Leidykla: New York : Oxford University Press
Brūkšninis kodas: 003074958451
Ieškoti VUB kataloge

     "The authors... have expanded almost every important discurs in so doing, have brought much greater clarity and precision to their text. They add new material, reflecting the new problems that medicine and health care face... (AIDS is a
prominent example). This third edition is essentially a new book, far better in style and contents than its already satisfactory predecessors." - Hastings Center Report....


     "Authoritative... Well-written and erudite... Those who read the text... will find their time rewarded by an appreciation for two of the finer analytical minds in biomedical ethics and by knowledge of a remarkable amount of literature." - The Journal of Religion.

     "A comprehensive, thoroughly documented text addressing issues of morality, types of ethical theory, autonomy and informed consent, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, patient-profes�sional relations, professional virtues, and ideals." - Annals of Internal Medicine.

     "One of the most important basic texts for medical ethics The section of case histories has been expanded, and remains fascinatingly useful as a basis for discussions." - Bulletin of Medical Ethics.

     "Required reading for anyone interested in the relationship of ethics and health careAs the field of bioethics has evolved, so has [this book]. Thus the third edition contains a number of striking changes that will be of interest to those seeking to
understand the theoretical founda�tions of ethics in health care.... A more complete, more fully developed, textuall) richer, and more philosophically satisfying work." - APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Medicine.

     "Profound and comprehensive in covering the subject. Intellectually deep. Offers a way of thinking about ethics that could be applied to any discipline, including social work. Excellent book for use in classroom." - Norman Linzer, Wurzweiler School of Social Work at Yeshiva University.

1 1. Moral Norms,
1 Ethics and Morality,
9 Moral Dilemmas,
12 A Framework of Moral Principles,
14 The Prima Facie Nature of Moral Norms,
15 Specifying Principles and Rules,
18 Balancing Principles and Rules,
23 Conclusion,
26 2. Moral Character,
26 Moral Virtues,
30 Virtues in Professional Roles,
32 Five Focal Virtues,
39 The Relationship of Moral Virtues and Moral Principles,
39 Moral Ideals,
43 Moral Excellence,
51 Conclusion,

57 3. Respect for Autonomy,
57 The Nature of Autonomy,
69 The Capacity for Autonomous Choice,
77 The Meaning and Justification of Informed Consent,
80 Disclosure,
88 Understanding,
93 Voluntariness,
98 A Framework of Standards for Surrogate Decision-Making,
103 Conclusion,
113 4. Nonmaleficence,
114 The Concept of Nonmaleficence,
119 Distinctions, and Rules Governing Nontreatment,
133 Optional Treatments and Obligatory Treatments,
139 Killing and Letting Die,
144 The Justification of Intentionally Arranged Deaths,
152 Protecting Incompetent Patients,
157 Conclusion,
165 5. Beneficence,
166 The Concept of Beneficence,
167 Obligatory and Ideal Beneficence,
176 Paternalism: Conflicts Between Beneficence and Autonomy,
194 Balancing Benefits, Costs, and Risks,
206 The Value and Quality of Life,
214 Conclusion,
225 6. Justice,
226 The Concept of Justice,
230 Theories of Justice,
235 Fair Opportunity,
239 The Right to a Decent Minimum of Health Care,
250 The Allocation of Health Care Resources,
253 Rationing and Setting Priorities,
264 Rationing Scarce Treatments to Patients,
272 Conclusion,
283 7. Professional-Patient Relationships,
283 Veracity,
293 Privacy,
303 Confidentiality,
312 Fidelity,
319 The Dual Roles of Physician and Investigator,
327 Conclusion,
337 8. Moral Theories,
338 Criteria for Theory Construction,
348 Utilitarianism: Consequence-Based Theory,
348 Kantianism: Obligation-Based Theory,
355 Liberal Individualism: Rights-Based Theory,
362 Communitarianism: Community-Based Theory,
369 Ethics of Care: Relationship-Based Accounts,
376 Convergence Across Theories,
377 Conclusion,
384 9. Method and Moral Justification,
384 Justification in Ethics,
385 Top-Down Models: Theory and Application,
391 Bottom-Up Models: Cases and Inductive Generalization,
397 An Integrated Model: Coherence Theory,
401 Common-Morality Theory,
408 Conclusion,
415 Appendix: Cases in Biomedical Ethics,
433 Index

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