Naujausi A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T V W Y Z

ISBN: 0-19-514431-7
Brūkšninis kodas: 003075097708
Ieškoti VUB kataloge

     "Gannon`s clear and lively use of contemporary cases and policies in biomedical ethics will appeal to health care practitioners as well as to bioethicists. Most important, it will capture the interest of students who are routinely confronted with biomedical issues in their everyday personal and professional lives. Glannon will help readers set their moral compass straight enough to navigate the sometimes choppy waters of health care." - Rosemarie Tong, University of North Carolina at Charlotte
     "A well-written and informative introduction to the topic of biomedical ethics. The author is familiar not only with the philosophical literature, but is also knowledgeable about the practice of medicine as it occurs today. A refreshing change from many of the current texts used in philosophy classes." - Scott Wilson, Wright State University

     Today, advances in medicine and biotechnology occur at a rapid pace and have a profound impact on our lives. Mechanical devices can sustain an injured person's life indefinitely. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of the body and brain can reveal disorders before symptoms appear. Genetic testing of embryos can predict whether people will have diseases earlier or later in life. It may even become possible to clone human beings. These and other developments raise difficult ethical questions. Biomedical Ethics is an engaging philosophical introduction to the most important ethical positions and arguments in six areas of biomedicine: the patient-doctor relationship, medical research on humans, reproductive rights and technologies, genetics, medical decisions at the end of life, and the allocation of scarce medical resources. Concisely capturing the historical, contemporary, and future-oriented aspects of the field, author Walter Glannon discusses both perennial issues in medicine, such as doctors' duties to patients, and recent and emerging issues in scientific innovation, including gene therapy and cloning. Ideal for under graduate courses in contemporary moral problems, introduction to ethics, and introduction to bioethics, Biomedical Ethics is accessible to students who have little or no background in ethical theory, medicine, or biotechnology.

1 1 History and Theories
Introduction ♦ The Need for Theories ♦ Consequentialism and Deontology ♦ Virtue Ethics and Feminist Ethics
♦ Communitarianism and Liberalism * The Rejection of
Theories: Casuistry and Cultural Relativism ♦ Conclusion
♦ Selected Readings
23 2 The Patient-Doctor Relationship
Introduction ♦ Informed Consent ♦ Therapeutic Privilege ♦ Confidentiality ♦ Cross-Cultural Relations
♦ W?zflf Sort of Doctors Do We Need? ♦ Conclusion
♦ Selected Readings
47 3 Medical Research on Humans
Introduction ♦ Design of Clinical Trials ♦ Equipoise, Randomization, and Placebos ♦ Problems with Consent Vulnerable Populations ♦ Protections and Justice
♦ Conclusion ♦ Selected Readings
71 4 Reproductive Rights and Technologies
Introduction ♦ Abortion ♦ TTie Mora/ Status of Embryos
♦ Surrogate Pregnancy ♦ Sex Selection ♦ Cloning
Conclusion ♦ Selected Readings
95 5 Genetics
Introduction ♦ Genetic Testing and Screening
♦ Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis ♦ Gene Therapy
♦ Genetic Enhancement ♦ Eugenics ♦ Conclusion
♦ Selected Readings
119 6 Medical Decisions at the End of Life
Introduction ♦ Defining Death ♦ Withdrawing and Withholding Treatment ♦ Double Effect ♦ Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide ♦ Futility ♦ Conclusion
♦ Selected Readings
143 7 Allocating Scarce Medical Resources
Introduction ♦ Setting Priorities ♦ Quality-Adjusted Life-Years ♦ Age-Based Rationing ♦ Organ Transplantation ♦ Two-Tiered Health Care ♦ Conclusion
♦ Selected Readings

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