Naujausi A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T V W Y Z

Pavadinimas: MORAL PROBLEMS IN MEDICINE second edition
ISBN: 0-13-600742-2
Brūkšninis kodas: 2932383
Ieškoti VUB kataloge
Anotacija:      Taking care of the hateful patient? Should doctors tell the truth? Active and passive euthanasia. Genetic screening: For better or worse? A definition of irreversible coma. The right to health care. Organ transplants: Ethical and legal problems.
     These are but a few examples of the broad range of writings that make up the extensively revised, up-to-date second edition of this important collection. They represent the thinking of early as well as current philosophers, lawyers, theologians, medical doctors, psychologists, and sociologists and deal with the inescapable ethical problems resulting from the changing nature of medical practice today and in the future.

Preface, vi
Preface from the first edition, vii
Foreword, Willard Gaylin, ix
Introduction, 9
Reflections on morality, 20
John Dewey, from Theory of the moral life, 20
Walter T. Stace, from The concept of morals, 23
John Ladd, Legalism and medical ethics, 27
K. Danner Clouser, Some things medical ethics is not, 34
Arthur L. Caplan, from “Ethical engineers need not apply:
The state of applied ethics Today”, 38
Chapter 2. Provider and patient, 44
Introduction, 44
Autonomy and paternalism, 47
John Stuart Mill, from On liberty, 47
Allen Buchanan, Medical paternalism, 49
J. Skelly Wright, from “Application of president and directors of Georgetown college”, 60
Robert C. Underwood, from In re Brooks estate, 62
Bruce L. Miller, Autonomy and the refusal of lifesaving treatment, 63
Eric J. Cassel, from “What is the function of medicine?” 73
Robert M. Veatch, Models of ethical medicine in a revolutionary age, 78
The physician-patient relationship, 83
William F. May, Code and covenant or philantropy and contract? 83
Albert R. Jansen, Do no harm, 99
Anna Freud, from “The doctor-patient relationship”, 108
August M. Kasper, from “The doctor and death” 110
Hans Jonas, from “Philosophical reflections on experimenting with human subjects” 113
Chard H. Calland, Iatrogenic problems in End-stage renal failure, 117
James E. Groves, Taking Care of the hateful patient, 120
The nurse, 126
Andrew L. Jameton, Making hard choises, 126
John Ladd, Some reflections on authority and the nurse, 138
Sandra Harding, from “Value-laden technologies and the politics of nursing”, 146
Chapter 3. Truth and information, 153
Introduction, 153
Consent, 159
Benjamin N. Cardozo, from Schloendorff v. New York Hospital, 159
Alan Donagan, from “Informed consent in therapy and experimentation”, 159
Loren H. Roth, Alan Meisel, and Charles W. Lidz, Tests of competency to consent
To treatment, 172
Franz J. Ingelfinger, from “Informed (but uneducated) consent”, 179
Nicholas Demy, from “Informed opinion on informed consent”, 181
George Robinson and Avraham Merav, Infromed consent:
Recall by patients tested postoperatively”, 182
Preston J. Burnham, from “Medical experimentation on humans”, 186
Elizabeth Loftus and James F. Fries, Informed consent may be hazardous to health”, 187
Letters: “Uninformed consent”, 188
Disclosure, 191
Immanuel Kant, from “Ethical duties towards others: Truthfulness”, 191
Nicolai Hartmann, from “Truthfulness and uprightness”, 194
Leon Salzman, Truth, honesty, and the therapeutic process, 195
Samuel Vaisrub, Playing supergod, 198
Joseph Collins, Should doctors tell the truth? 199
Robert Weir, Truthtelling in medicine, 202
William S. Appleton, The importance of psychiatrists` telling patients the truth, 214
Dennis H. Novack et al., Changes in physicians` attitudes toward telling
The cancer patient, 217
Oliver Cope, from Man, mind, and medicine, 222
Sissela Bok, Placebos, 223
Martin L. Kempner, Some moral issues concerning curent ways of dealing
With surgical patients, 227
Privacy and confidentiality, 231
Leo J. Cass and William J. Curran, from “Rights of privacy in medical practice”, 231
Neil L. Chayet, from “Confidentiality and privileged communication”, 233
Dennis W. Daley, Tarasoff and the psychotherapist`s duty to warn, 234
Seymour L. Halleck, Privacy and social control, 246
Willard Gaylin, What`s an FBI poster doing in a nice journal like that? 250
Bennet L. Rosner, psychiatrists, confidentiality, and insurance claims, 253
Letters: Psychiatrists, insurance companies, and confidentiality, 258
Natalie Abrams et al., The urban emergency department:
The issue of professional responsibility, 263
Chapter 4. Birth and death, 270
Introduction, 207
Killing and letting die, 277
Timothy Goodrich, from “The morality of killing”, 277
James Rachels, Active and passive euthanasia, 286
Bonnie Steinbock, The intentional termination of life, 290
Philippa Foot, The problem of abortion and the doctrine of the double effect, 295
Reproduction, 303
John T. Noonan, Jr., from “An almost absolute value in history”, 303
Michael Tooley, Abortion and infanticide, 308
Jane English, Abortion and the concept of a person, 324
Martha Brandt Bolton, Responsible women and abortion decisions, 330
Daniel I. Wikler, Ought we try to save aborted fetuses? 339
Leon R. Kass, from ““Making babies” revisited”, 344
Samuel Gorovitz, from “Progeny, progress, and primrose paths”, 355
Oliver Wendell Holmes, from Buck v. Bell, 364
Ruth Macklin, from “Moral issues in human genetics: Counseling or control?” 364
Neil Holtzman, Genetic screening: For better or for worse?375
L.M. Purdy, Genetic diseases: Can having children be immoral? 377
Birth defects, 384
Anthony M. Shaw and Iris A. Shaw, from “Dilemmas of “Informed consent” in
Children”, 384
Raymond S. Duff and A.G.M. Campbell, Moral and ethical dilemmas in the
special-care nursery, 389
Richard A. McCormick, To save or let die: The dilemma of modern medicine, 369
The editors, Spina Bifida, 402
R.B. Zachary, Ethical and social aspects of treatment of spina bifida, 403
Letters: Ethical and social aspects of treatment of spina bifida, 408
Eliot Slater, from “Health service or sickness service?” 411
John M. Freeman, Is there a right to die – quickly?” 412
Robert e. Cooke, Whose suffering? 414
Karen M. Metzler, Human and handicapped, 415
Death, 419
The Ad Hoc Committee of the Harvard Medical School, A definition of irreversible coma, 419
R.B. Schiffer, The concept of death: Tradition and alternative, 424
Seneca, from Epistula morales, “On suicide”, 433
Immanuel Kant, Duties towards the body in regard to life, 434
Immanuel Kant, Suicide, 434
David Hume, from “Essay on suicide”, 437
George E. Murphy, Suicide and the right to die, 442
Jerome A. Motto, from “The right to suicide: A psychiatrist`s view”, 443
Tom L. Beauchamp and Arnold I. Davidson, The definition of euthanasia, 446
Yale Kamisar, from “Euthanasia legislation: Some non-religious objections”, 458
Glanville Williams, “Mercy killing” Legislation – a rejoinder, 465
Mary Rose Barrington, from “Apologia for suicide”, 472
John E. Schowalter, Julian B. Ferholt, and Nancy M. Mann, from
“The adolescent patient`s decision to die”, 476
Sharon H. Imbus and Bruce E. Zawacki, Autonomy for burned patients when
survival is unprecedented, 482
Letters: Autonomy for severely burned patients, 487
Chapter 5. Health policy, 490
Introduction, 490
Social Justice, 501
William K. Frankena, from “The concept of social justice”, 501
John Rawls, from “Justice as reciprocity”, 511
Kai Nielsen, from “Radical egalitarian justice: Justice as equality”, 519
Rights and Justice in Health Care, 527
Daniel Callahan, from “Health and society: Some ethical imperatives”, 527
Robert M. Sade, from “Medical care as a right: A refutation”, 532
Laurence B. McCullough, The right to health care, 536
Gene Outka, Social justice and equal access to health care, 544
Amy Gutmann, For and against equal access to health care, 577
Dan E. Beauchamp, from “Public health as social justice”, 568
Responsibility for Health Care, 576
Henry E. Sigerist, from “Socialized medicine”, 576
Robert M. Veatch, Voluntary risks to health: The ethical issues, 578
Daniel I. Wikler, Persuasion and coercion for health, 587
Regulation of research, 603
Saul Krugman and John P. Giles, from
“Viral hepatitis: New light on an old disease”, 603
Letters: Experiments at the Willowbrook state school, 605
Paul Ramsey, Children in institutions, 607
Carl Cohen, When may research be stopped? 617
Elinor Langer, Human experimentation: New York verdict affirms patient`s rights, 626
Altruism, Markets, and Medical resources, 632
Richard M. Titmuss, Why give to strangers? 632
Letters: Ethics and economics in blood supply, 636
Paul A. Freund, from “Organ transplants: Ethical and legal problems”, 637
James F. Childress, “Who shall live when not all can live?” 640
Index, 650

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