Autoriai: WALTER GLANNON
Brūkšninis kodas: 003074958437
Ieškoti VUB kataloge
Ethics, as a branch of philosophy, can be traced back at least as far as the ancient Greeks, and so, too, can biomedical ethics be said to have its beginning with Hippocrates, the first physician. But Hippocrates would be astounded at the advances in medical science, at the ethical dilemmas now confronting the practitioners of modern medicine.
While acknowledging the tradition, Walter Glannon's book makes us fully aware that biomedical ethics is a new field of study that is subject to many changes. The result is this new collection of readings, capturing the essence of the field here and now.
Major features include:
ï¿½ Contemporary emphasis. 37 of the 42 selections were published in the 1990's
ï¿½ Six major areas of biomedical ethics are covered:
The Physician-Patient Relationship
Research Involving Human Subjects
Reproductive Rights and Technologies
Death and Dying
The Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources
ï¿½ Significant coverage of feminist and cross-cultural perspectives
ï¿½ The general introduction surveys the history of western medicine and the evolution of biomedical ethics
ï¿½ Discussion questions, legal cases, and suggestions for further reading are meant to enlarge the student's understanding
1 PART I: Introduction to the History, Theories, and Methods of Biomedical Ethics
1 Walter Glannon
34 PART II: The Patient-Physician Relationship
37 Ezekiel Emanuel and Linda Emanuel, Four Models of the Physician-Patient Relationship.
48 Marc Rodwin, Conflicts in Managed Care.
54 Robert Veatch, When Should the Patient Know? The Death of the Therapeutic Privilege.
61 Jennifer Jackson, Telling the Truth. 68 Lawrence Gostin, Informed Consent, Cultural Sensitivity, and Respect for Persons.
70 Nancy Jecker, Joseph Carrese, and Robert Pearlman, Caring for Patients in Cross-Cultural Settings.
82 Ruth Macklin, The Doctor-Patient Relationship in Different Cultures.
95 Questions for Discussion ,
96 Suggested Further Reading
98 PART III: Research Involving Human Subjects
102 Jay Katz, "Ethics and Clinical Research" Revisited. A Tribute to Henry K. Beecher.
112 Benjamin Freedman, Equipoise and the Ethics of Clinical Research.
119 Peter P. De Deyn and Rudi D'Hooge, Placebos in Clinical Practice and Research.
128 Robert D. Truog, Walter Robinson, Adrienne Randolph, and Alan Morris, Is Informed Consent Always Necessary for Randomized, Controlled Trials?
132 Baruch Brody, Research on the Vulnerable Sick. 143 Alexander Capron, Ethical and Human-Rights Issues in Research on Mental Disorders That May Affect Decision-Making Capacity.
149 Lainie Friedman Ross, The Child as Research Subject.
162 Questions for Discussion
164 Suggested Further Reading
165 PART IV: Reproductive Rights and Technologies
168 Mary Briody Mahowald, Fertility Enhancements and the Right to Have a Baby.
184 Lori Andrews, Surrogate Motherhood: The Challenge for Feminists.
195 Susan Mattingly, The Maternal-Fetal Dyad: Exploring the Two-Patient Obstetric Model. 204 Christine Overall, Selective Termination of Pregnancy and Women's Reproductive Autonomy.
212 John Harris, Goodbye Dolly? The Ethics of Human Cloning.
222 Lori Andrews, Mom, Dad, Clone: Implications for Reproductive Privacy.
231 Jonathan Berkowitz and Jack Snyder, Racism and Sexism in Medically Assisted Conception.
245 Questions for Discussion
247 Suggested Further Reading
248 PART V: Genetics
251 LeRoy Walters and Julie Gage Palmer, Ethical Issues. 266 Patricia Baird, Altering Human Genes: Social, Ethical, and Legal Implications.
273 Philip Kitcher, Inescapable Eugenics. 282 Eric Juengst, Can Enhancement be Distinguished from Prevention in Genetic Medicine?
292 Heather Draper and Ruth Chadwick, Beware! Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis may Solve Some Old Problems but It Also Raises New Ones.
299 Maxwell Mehlman and Jeffrey Botkin, Genetic Technologies and the Challenge to Equality.
Geron Ethics Advisory Board, Research with Human Embryonic Stem Cells: Ethical Considerations.
Questions far Discussion 321
Suggested Further Reading 323
324 PART VI: Death and Dying
327 Timothy Quill, Death and Dignity: A Case of Individualized Decision Making.
331 Edmund Pellegrino, Distortion of the Healing Relationship.
335 Dan Brock, Voluntary Active Euthanasia.
351 Margaret Battin, Is a Physician Ever Obligated to Help a Patient Die?
367 Leon Kass, Is There a Right to Die?
382 Stuart Youngner, Who Defines Futility?
385 Rosamond Rhodes, Futility and the Goals of Medicine.
397 Questions for Discussion
399 Suggested Further Reading
401 PART VII: Allocation of Scarce Medical Resources
405 Daniel Callahan, Allocating Resources to the Elderly. 421 Norman Daniels, A Lifespan Approach to Health Care. 423 Robert Veatch, How Age Should Matter: Justice as the Basis for Limiting Care to the Elderly. 429 John Harris, QALYfying the Value of Life.
429 Robert Truog, Triage in the ICU. 445 Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, American Medical Association, Ethical Considerations in the Allocation of Organs and Other Scarce Medical Resources Among Patients. Charles Dougherty, Cost Containment.
467 Questions for Discussion
469 Suggested Further Reading