Bioetikos naujienos

Pet cloning is bringing human cloning a little bit closer

When Barbra Streisand revealed to Variety magazine that she’d had her dog cloned for $50,000, many people learned for the first time that copying pets and other animals is a real business.

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Paskelbta Neklasifikuota | Komentarai išjungti

The troubled 29-year-old helped to die by Dutch doctors

In January a young Dutch woman drank poison supplied by a doctor and lay down to die. Euthanasia is legal in Holland, so hers was a death sanctioned by the state. But Aurelia Brouwers was not terminally ill – she was allowed to end her life on account of her psychiatric illness.

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Paskelbta Gyvenimo pabaigos etinės problemos | Komentarai išjungti

NHS told ‘offer transgender fertility treatment’ or face legal action

A watchdog is threatening NHS England with legal action if it does not begin offering fertility treatments to transgender patients as standard.

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Paskelbta Gyvenimo pradžios etinės problemos | Komentarai išjungti

Ancestry, 23andMe and others say they will follow these rules when giving DNA data to businesses or police

Ancestry, 23andMe and other popular companies that offer genetic testing pledged on the  31st, July to be upfront when they share users’ DNA data with researchers, hand it over to police or transfer it to other companies, a move aimed at addressing consumers’ mounting privacy concerns. Under the new guidelines, the companies said they would obtain consumers’ “separate express consent” before turning over their individual genetic information to businesses and other third parties, including insurers.

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Iceland’s ethical debate: Should DNA donors be told if they are predisposed to a deadly disease?

If you knew someone was genetically predisposed to cancer, would you tell them? Dr. Kari Stefansson would. The Icelandic neurologist is the CEO of deCODE Genetics, a company that has collected the DNA of nearly half the country’s population. Using the company’s data, he said that he can pinpoint 1,600 people at risk of deadly cancers in Iceland. The government, however, won’t let him.

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At least 8 million IVF babies born in 40 years since historic first

The world’s first in-vitro fertilization baby was born in 1978 in the UK. Since then, 8 million babies have been born worldwide as a result of IVF and other advanced fertility treatments, an international committee estimates.

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Electrical brain stimulation may help reduce violent crime in future

Researchers found that applying an electric current to a part of the brain linked to violent acts reduced people’s intentions to commit assault.

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Paskelbta Neuroetika | Komentarai išjungti

Scientists Can Design ‘Better’ Babies. Should They?

In vitro fertilization, or I.V.F., is by now broadly accepted, though it still has objectors, including the Roman Catholic Church. Designer-baby fears have proved in the main to be “overblown,” said Dr. Paula Amato, a professor of obstetrics and gynecology at Oregon Health & Science University in Portland. “We have not seen it with I.V.F. in general,” she told Retro Report. “We have not seen it with P.G.D.” In a different camp are those who invoke slippery slopes, fearing unpredictable genies that may be unleashed.

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Paskelbta Gyvenimo pradžios etinės problemos | Komentarai išjungti

Why scientists created a human-chicken hybrid embryo

One of the biggest mysteries of human life is how we develop from a tiny ball of cells into a being with bones, muscle and organs. Now scientists have found a workaround. By transplanting human embryonic cells onto chicken embryos, researchers at Rockefeller University in New York City have created a hybrid embryo that they say will bring insights into fetal development.

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Paskelbta Genetiškai modifikuoti organizmai | Komentarai išjungti

Už embrionų saugojimą neišsimokančios poros bijo kraujomaišos

Užšaldytų embrionų saugojimas, dvejų metų terminas nuspręsti, ką daryti su likusiais embrionais, embrionų donorystės galimybė – visi šie klausimai vaikų trokštančioms susilaukti poroms iš pradžių yra antraeiliai. Svarbiausia – sėkmingai pastoti ir išnešioti vaikelį. Tačiau labai greitai tai, kas buvo nesvarbu, tampa labai aktualu. Ypač, kai tai liečia asmeninę kišenę.
Paskelbta Gyvenimo pradžios etinės problemos | Komentarai išjungti